On a balmy day in mid-April, 1000’s of individuals queued in line to enter the Hong Kong Conference Middle the place the town’s inaugural web3 pageant was underway. Most had flown in from mainland China, however many others had trekked from Singapore, Japan, Indonesia, Thailand and even the U.S. to see what the town needed to supply to crypto ventures at a time regulation over digital belongings is intensifying within the U.S.
In February, Hong Kong proposed a set of welcoming guidelines to control crypto-related actions. Beneath the brand new authorized regime, retail buyers might be allowed to commerce sure digital belongings on licensed exchanges, changing a 2018 framework that restricted buying and selling to solely accredited buyers.
The town can also be paving the best way to legalize stablecoins. One startup, which is backed by standard alternate KuCoin and USDC issuer Circle, not too long ago launched an offshore Chinese language yuan (CNH)-pegged stablecoin, the primary of its sort in Larger China.
To create a good surroundings for web3 companies, the town is facilitating communication between banks and crypto startups, a lot of that are scrambling to search out alternate options following Silvergate Financial institution’s meltdown.
These strikes are contrasting with Beijing’s heavy-handed crackdown on the crypto trade; additionally they spotlight the diploma to which the previous British colony enjoys coverage exceptions in sure areas, resembling finance.
In 2021, China outlawed all types of crypto transactions, sending the nation’s web3 entrepreneurs fleeing to extra web3-friendly jurisdictions like Singapore. With Hong Kong extending a welcoming hand to digital belongings, many Chinese language founders in self-exile are weighing the choice of establishing within the metropolis. Firms from the West are additionally evaluating Hong Kong as a possible outpost for his or her Asia growth.
On the weeklong Hong Kong web3 pageant, TechCrunch talked to a dozen contributors from the web3 realm, together with buyers, nascent startups, and established gamers, in addition to “conventional” web2 tech giants, to gauge Hong Kong’s attractiveness as the following crypto hub.
Some imagine the brand new regulatory regime will spawn a brand new wave of crypto innovation. They really feel reassured that they will now function as a reliable enterprise on Chinese language soil and are fast to faucet the federal government’s coverage assist, resembling backed workplace house for crypto ventures.
Others are extra hesitant to simply accept the olive department. As Asia’s monetary middle, Hong Kong doesn’t traditionally have a vibrant tech ecosystem and is just too costly for many scrappy startups, so the kinds of crypto companies it attracts will seemingly be these serving and interfacing with conventional finance, they reckon.
The East rises
The timing is favorable for Hong Kong’s pleasant transfer on crypto, mentioned Shixing Mao, co-founder and CEO at Cobo, a Singapore-headquartered digital asset custody answer backed by DST World.
“The tightening of regulation within the U.S. after the FTX implosion has a number of penalties. Up to now, a number of American banks performed the important thing position of linking the normal and crypto worlds, however that hyperlink is now damaged, which presents a terrific alternative for Hong Kong to step up,” mentioned Mao, who’s amicably often known as ‘Discus Fish’ within the crypto group.
“Hong Kong has all the time been on the intersection of the East and West and performed the necessary position because the bridge to enter China,” noticed Lily King, chief working officer at Cobo.
That benefit was already confirmed earlier than. Hong Kong performed an necessary position within the early improvement of the crypto trade by drawing once-influential exchanges like FTX and Bitmex to arrange retailers there. Following China’s crypto clampdown, FTX moved to the Bahamas for its friendlier and clearer regulatory stance in direction of the brand new asset class.
Hong Kong is regaining some consideration from the West. Stephen Cheung, president at decentralized social community Bi.social, flew all the best way from the U.S. east coast to Hong Kong to really feel the heart beat on the bottom.
“As an American Born Chinese language whose dad and mom grew up in Hong Kong, I’m extraordinarily optimistic in regards to the open door coverage for crypto in Hong Kong,” he mentioned. Nonetheless, Cheung believed that if American crypto companies are going to depart the nation, “they are going to keep inside the western hemisphere.”
“Hong Kong has the chance [of attracting Western firms] solely as a result of the U.S. is at the moment overtly hostile in direction of web3 firms,” he mentioned, including that the town might be extra interesting to different Asia-based firms earlier than it can have any important affect on the West.
Certainly, Hong Kong is more and more on the radar of crypto companies in Singapore, a lot of which had come from China after the nation’s crackdown on crypto. Now the tide is popping.
“After FTX’s implosion, the Singapore authorities has grown extra cautious in direction of crypto. Hong Kong, alternatively, is making an attempt to draw expertise and firms to construct the essential infrastructure of the crypto trade,” mentioned Luke Huang, director of enterprise improvement at Safeheron, a digital asset self-custody answer supplier that’s based mostly in Singapore however not too long ago arrange an workplace in Hong Kong.
For essentially the most half, persons are praising the Hong Kong authorities for offering extra regulatory readability on the crypto trade. However they’re deciphering Hong Kong’s open arms in a different way. Some view the transfer as a sudden shift within the authorities’s angle, whereas others see it as a mirrored image of the town’s coverage consistency.
HashKey Capital, one of many world’s largest web3 enterprise capital companies that not too long ago closed a $500 million Fund III, belongs to the latter camp.
The fund, which is Ethereum’s first institutional investor, arrange in Hong Kong again in 2017 and has saved its workplace there since. “What we’ve seen [in Hong Kong] through the years is a comparatively constant authorities course and sustainable coverage,” mentioned Chao Deng, the agency’s CEO. “The newest transfer is extra of an replace of the licensing regime.”
Conflux, a Layer 1 blockchain that claims to be the one crypto firm allowed to function in China because the trade crackdown, was additionally put comfortable after assembly numerous Hong Kong authorities delegates in the course of the web3 pageant.
“Hong Kong is exhibiting an amazing quantity of assist for web3 improvement,” mentioned Zhang Yuanjie, co-founder at Conflux. “From legislators and InvestHK [the city’s department of foreign direct investment] to its monetary secretary and financial authority, everyone seems to be critical about supporting the crypto trade.”
Regardless that Hong Kong’s new web3 regulation appears extra favorable in direction of transaction-focused crypto providers, there’s room for infrastructure builders, reckoned Huang from Safeheron.
“Anybody getting into the crypto trade wants cybersecurity infrastructure, whether or not it’s a standard or web3 native firm. Now that Hong Kong’s monetary establishments would possibly begin integrating crypto-related merchandise, we are able to play the position of serving to to onboard them,” he mentioned.
China’s Huge Tech is using Hong Kong’s crypto wave, too. Alibaba and Tencent had been each current on the web3 pageant with representatives from their cloud computing models. Like AWS, they need to get a headstart and be the decentralized world’s go-to cloud supplier. Even when the nascent trade received’t seemingly generate any significant income anytime quickly, the tech giants evidently don’t need to miss out on an trade that retains luring capital and expertise from conventional industries.
Wait and see
The web3 pageant, with its teeming convention room and lavish boat events, seems to be a euphoric celebration of the town’s new crypto regime. However not all attendees are hot-headed. One investor from a outstanding China-focused enterprise capital agency, who declined to be named, mentioned he wasn’t trying to supply offers on the occasion as a result of “it’s not the place the actual technical builders hang around.”
Three Chinese language web3 founders who’ve moved to Singapore and declined to be named mentioned they had been in Hong Kong merely to meet up with companions and buyers and would “wait and see” earlier than drawing any conclusion on the town’s degree of crypto-friendliness.
Those that are usually essentially the most keen about Hong Kong’s new crypto regulation are fund managers, inventory merchants, and others in conventional finance, noticed Rachel Lin, CEO and co-founder of SynFutures.
“It’s not that they really feel a lot for crypto, but it surely’s extra about on the lookout for the following investable belongings. Proper now, the monetary markets are slowing and so they can’t discover another various belongings,” mentioned Lin. Previous to operating the DeFi protocol, she labored within the international markets division at Deutsche Financial institution, managed abroad funds options at Ant Group and was a founding associate of main crypto lender Matrixport.
“Crypto may be very a lot near what they’ve been doing in finance, in contrast to AI or biotech, which is one thing distant for them. I feel the constructive sign from the federal government additionally boosts their confidence,” she mentioned.
It comes as no shock that Hong Kong is vouching for a fledgling trade that performs to its energy. Lately, the town has seen an exodus of multinational firms and native expertise because it undergoes a string of political occasions.
“Hong Kong has hit an enormous bottleneck in conventional industries like finance and actual property, so it’s in dire want of younger expertise and new blood to revitalize its economic system,” mentioned King. “Given the muse it laid for the finance sector, specializing in digital belongings is its finest and solely possibility going ahead.”