Sun. Nov 27th, 2022

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Welcome to Harmonia…I’m Angela Mariani. This hour, we’re exploring opposites. First, music of Jean Mouton, priest, celebrated church and courtroom composer, and revered trainer, whose music has been described as “easily flowing with melody.” 500 years after his demise, we commemorate Mouton’s life and works. In distinction, later within the hour, our featured launch is Carlo Gesualdo: La Légende Noire, dissonant and darkly stunning music composed by a titled, advanced, and troubled particular person, who actually bought away with homicide. 

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And the Solar Darkened: Music for Passiontide
New York Polyphony
BIS 2021 / Naxos BIS-2277
Tr. 4: Adrian Willaert: Pater Noster (4:34)

The Lord’s Prayer, Pater Noster, by Flemish composer Adrian Willaert. That was New York Polyphony from their 2021 BIS launch And the Solar Darkened: Music for Passiontide.

As a younger man, Willaert had been learning legislation earlier than he shifted to music, happening to turn out to be one of the versatile and influential musicians of Renaissance Europe, and founding the Venetian College. / Why the change in profession paths? Merely…he met Jean Mouton. 

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Renaissance music lovers flock to the music of Josquin des Pres—and with good motive. Josquin’s affect on his contemporaries in addition to later composers alongside along with his creativity and command of writing for a number of voices is phenomenal.

For a time, many works by Jean Mouton had been attributed to Josquin. Maybe that is why they survived. The theorist Heinrich Glarean referred to as Mouton’s music “facili fluentem filo cantum”– easily flowing with melody. Mouton was additionally identified for his “studio ac industria,” his arduous work and utility. Let’s hear Mouton’s “Nesciens mater” and “Salve Nos Domini.”  

MUSIC TRACK (Amazon Music) (7:47) in prod folder
Nesciens Mater: Works of Jean Mouton
Gents of St. John’s Choir / cond. Graham Walker
Quilisma 2002 / QUIL-402
Tr. 1 Jean Mouton: Nesciens mater (5:49)

“Nesciens mater” and “Salve nos domini” by Jean Mouton. Graham Walker carried out the Gents of St. John’s Choir.

Mouton’s adolescence is shrouded with thriller—we don’t know a lot about his schooling or childhood. We do know he died in 1522, and so right now we bear in mind Mouton, 5 centuries after his passing. Let’s start with a toast, taking the phrases from his personal welcoming meal piece, “Bona vita, bona refectio”: 

“Good life, good restoration,

good feast, good drink,

good pleasure” 

Jean Mouton. Missa Tu Es Petrus
The Brabant Ensemble, Stephen Rice
Hyperion CDA67933, 2012
Tr. 10: Jean Mouton: Bona vita, bona refectio (6:11)
Jean Mouton’s “Bona vita, bona refectio.” The Brabant Ensemble was led by Stephen Rice.

Mouton was related to the royal household—Queen Anne of Brittany and her third husband Louis XII, later king of France. Though Mouton was by no means the first courtroom composer for the royal household, he did recurrently present music for necessary events, like christenings, weddings, battle victories, and funerals. On the demise of Queen Anne, Mouton composed “Quid dabit oculus nostris,” which laments her demise utilizing texts from her funeral sermon: [quote]

Brittany, why do you weep? Music, why are you silent?

France, why have you ever donned mourning clothes, […]

Beat your breasts, you nobles, and say: Could Anne relaxation in peace! 

Au Lengthy de la Loire
Ensemble Jacques Moderne / Joël Suhubiette, dir.
Mirare 2019 / Naxos MIR446D
Tr. 15 Jean Mouton: Quis dabit oculis nostris (7:27)

“Quis dabit oculus nostris” by Jean Mouton. Ensemble Jacques Moderne was led by Joël Suhubiette. 

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Theme Music Mattress: Ensemble Alcatraz, Danse Royale, Elektra Nonesuch 79240-2 / B000005J0B, T.12: La Prime Estampie Royal

Early music can imply loads of issues. What does it imply to you? Tell us your ideas and concepts. Contact us at harmonia early music dot org, the place you’ll additionally discover playlists and an archive of previous exhibits.

You’re listening to Harmonia . . .  I’m Angela Mariani.

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Mid Break (28:02-29:02)

Sylvestro Ganassi: La fontegara
Le Live performance Brise; dir. William Dongois
Ricercar 2018 / Naxos RIC395
Tr. 15 Nicholas Gombert: Dezilde al cavallero (excerpt of 5:29)

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Welcome again. We’re remembering Renaissance composer Jean Mouton this hour.

Petrucci’s 1501 publication Harmonice Musices Odhecaton, which interprets roughly to One Hundred Polyphonic musical items, made printed music accessible to a wider viewers than ever earlier than. It’s a who’s who of European, and particularly Franco-Flemish, composers. Mouton made it in with just a few tunes, together with Josquin des Prez, Johannes Ockeghem, Antoine Busnois, Jacob Obrecht, amongst others. We’ll hear “Jamais” (By no means) by Jean Mouton. 

Music from the Time of Tilman Rimenschneider
Il Curioso / dir. Bernhard Bohm
Naxos 2004 / Naxos 8.557138
Tr. 2 Jean Mouton: Jamais (By no means) (3:24)
Tr. 28 Jacob Obrecht: Rompeltier (1:02)

“Jamais” (By no means), by Jean Mouton, and “Rompeltier,” by Jacques Obrecht, from Odhecaton, the primary assortment of music printed on movable kind. Bernhard Bohn led Il Curioso.

Mouton is probably finest identified right now as Adrian Willaert’s trainer. As with Mouton, we don’t know a lot about Willaert’s adolescence. Willaert went to Paris to review legislation, however rapidly modified course to work with Mouton, serving beneath the identical patron as his trainer: Louis XII and later François I. We’ll hear music by Willaert, “Sacro fonte regenerate.” 

Sylvestro Ganassi: La fontegara
Le Live performance Brisé; dir. William Dongois
Ricercar 2018 / Naxos RIC395
Tr. 8 Adrian Willaert: Sacro fonte regenerata (5:18)

We heard “Sacro fonte regenerate” by Adrian Willaert, pupil of Jean Mouton. William Dongois led from the cornetto with the ensemble Le Live performance Brisé.

Willaert was near his trainer, and within the trend of the day, composed items that parodied the melodies of in style tunes. His Missa tremendous Benedicta es borrows from Mouton, Josquin, and Prioris. We’ll hear the “Agnus dei” from Missa tremendous Benedicta es.

The A-la-mi-re Manuscripts: Flemish Polyphonic Treasures for Charles V
Capilla Flamenca / Patrick Denecker, dir.
Naxos 1999 / Naxos 8.554744
Tr. 5 Adrian Willaert: Missa tremendous Benedicta es: Agnus dei (4:04)

Adrian Willaert’s “Agnus dei” from Missa tremendous Benedicta es. Patrick Denecker directed Capilla Flamenca. 

Let’s swing in fairly the wrong way now to a composer whose type and demeanor are dramatically totally different than Mouton’s.

Carlo Gesualdo, prince of Venosa and Rely of Conza was a paradox—his private exploits had been as twisted as his chromaticism. Adrien Mabire and ensemble La Guilde des Mercenaries discover Gesualdo’s advanced works of their 2021 Nouveau recording Carlo Gesualdo: La Légende Noire. We’ll hear “Se la mia morte brami” (should you lengthy for my demise, merciless one, fortunately I shall die).

Gesualdo, Carlo: La Légende Noire, Sixième Livre de Madrigaux
La Guilde des Mercenaires / dir. Adrien Mabire
Nouveau 2021 / UMV disbribution LE00004
Tr. 1 Le légende noire: No. 1, Gesualdo: Se la mia morte brami (3:32)

“Se la mia morte brami” by Carlo Gesualdo. That was from our featured launch Carlo Gesualdo: La Légende Noire. . . Adrien Mabire and La Guilde des Mercenaires.

Gesualdo is a infamous character within the historical past of western European music as a result of he infamously and brutally murdered his untrue spouse and her lover. He supposedly was wracked with guilt for the remainder of his life, and this in flip provides rise to tales of him ordering his servants to beat him, and different morbid tales. Gesualdo is usually one of many few composers whose title my college students bear in mind from a music historical past class, and we are able to guess why. Ought to we perpetuate this sensationalism? He’s not the one composer who murdered his spouse – Bartolomeo Tromboncino involves thoughts – however everyone seems to be fascinated by Gesualdo. Within the Wikipedia article about Gesualdo, we discover this quote from Alex Ross, writing in 2011 within the New Yorker: quote, “If Gesualdo had not dedicated such stunning acts, we’d not pay such shut consideration to his music. But when he had not written such stunning music we’d not care a lot about his deeds. Many bloodier crimes have been forgotten; it’s the nexus of excessive artwork and foul play that catches our fancy.” Finish quote.

This is one among Gesualdo’s most moody and well-known items,  “Moro, lasso, al mio duolo” (I die, alas in my struggling).

Gesualdo, Carlo: La Légende Noire, Sixième Livre de Madrigaux
La Guilde des Mercenaires / dir. Adrien Mabire
Nouveau 2021 / UMV disbribution LE00004
Tr. 17 La légende noire: No. 17, Moro, lasso, al mio duolo (3:24)

“Moro, lasso, al mio duolo” by Carlo Gesualdo. Adrien Mabire led La Guilde des Mercenaires from our featured launch, Carlo Gesualdo: La Légende Noire.

We’ll shut with the madrigal “Ardo per te, mio bene,” I burn for you, my love,” music by Gesualdo.

Gesualdo, Carlo: La Légende Noire, Sixième Livre de Madrigaux
La Guilde des Mercenaires / dir. Adrien Mabire
Nouveau 2021 / UMV disbribution LE00004
Tr. 14 La légende noire: No. 14, Ardo per te, mio bene (3:16)

“Ardo per te, mio bene,” a madrigal by Carlo Gesualdo. Adrien Mabire led La Guilde des Mercenaires, on their 2021 Nouveau recording Carlo Gesualdo: La Légegnde Légende Noire. 

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Harmonia is a manufacturing of WFIU and a part of the academic mission of Indiana College.

Help comes from Early Music America: a nationwide group that advocates and helps the historic efficiency of music of the previous, the neighborhood of artists who create it, and the listeners whose lives are enriched by it. On the net at EarlyMusicAmerica-dot-org.

Further sources come from the William and Gayle Prepare dinner Music Library on the Indiana College Jacobs College of Music.

We welcome your ideas about any a part of this program, or about early music typically. Contact us at harmonia early music dot org. You’ll be able to comply with us on Fb by trying to find Harmonia Early Music.

This version of Harmonia was written by Sarah Huebsch Schilling.

Due to our studio engineer Michael Paskash, and our manufacturing staff: LuAnn Johnson, Wendy Gillespie, Aaron Cain, and John Bailey. I’m Angela Mariani, inviting you to hitch us once more for the subsequent version of Harmonia.

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