Japan marks 100 years because the devastating Nice Kanto Quake, with catastrophe drills nationwide

TOKYO — Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida staged a televised catastrophe drill Friday based mostly on a fictional earthquake within the capital area, as his nation marked the centennial of the real-life 1923 Nice Kanto Quake that killed greater than 100,000 folks.

The 7.9-magnitude earthquake that struck the Sagamihara space southwest of Tokyo on Sept. 1, 1923, simply earlier than midday triggered a widespread inferno within the area, inflicting a lot of the victims to perish within the fireplace. The blaze destroyed practically 300,000 Japanese paper-and-wood properties because the nation suffered main social and financial harm simply because it was searching for to modernize.

Within the aftermath, 1000’s of ethnic Koreans have been killed as police and others responded to baseless rumors that Koreans have been poisoning wells. The rampage has by no means totally been acknowledged by the federal government.

Japanese officers are anxious one other devastating tremblor may occur once more. On Friday, the drill simulated the aftermath of a fictional 7.3-magnitude tremblor in central Tokyo at 7 a.m. Kishida and his Cupboard ministers, carrying matching light-blue uniforms, walked to the prime minister’s workplace for an emergency response assembly to debate preliminary measures with hypothetically hard-hit Sagamihara metropolis, the 1923 epicenter.

Japan, which sits on the so-called Pacific “ring of fireplace,” is one in all most quake-prone nations on the earth. A magnitude 9.0 quake on March, 11, 2011, off Japan’s northeastern coast, triggered an enormous tsunami, killed greater than 18,000 and triggered a nuclear diaster.

On Friday, earthquake drills have been being performed at municipalities and colleges across the nation. At elementary colleges, youngsters squatted beneath desks to guard their heads from falling objects.

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Kishida was to affix a joint earthquake drill hosted by Sagamihara and joined by eight cities incluing Tokyo.

Chief Cupboard Secretary Hirokazu Matsuno advised reporters that Sept. 1 this yr represents greater than the centennial of the Nice Kanto Quake. It serves as a lesson to constructing buildings with extra resillience to quakes and fireplace.

“We won’t let the recollections of the Nice Kanto Quake climate away and (will) do our utmost to take complete measures” because the nation braces for an additional large one in Tokyo and elsewhere, Matsuno stated.

The quake got here 13 years after Japan’s colonial rule of the Korean Peninsula started in 1910. Many Koreans, Chinese language and Japanese mistaken as Korean, in addition to Japanese communists, labor activists and anarchists, have been killed by police and paramilitary. There isn’t any official quantity, and historians say as many as round 6,000 of them have been murdered.

At a memorial service held by Korean residents and human rights teams at a monument devoted to the bloodbath victims, attendants noticed a second of silence with the sound of a bell at 11:58 a.m., the time the 1923 quake struck. Previous Tokyo governors used to ship a message of condolences to the ceremony, however the custom resulted in 2017, a yr after governor Yuriko Koike took workplace.

Koike, who attended a drill elsewhere in Tokyo, didn’t present up at an official annual memorial for quake victims at a corridor within the hard-hit Sumida area in downtown Tokyo. She provided condolences to all victims of the quake in a message learn by her aide.

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